Literature Review: Prehospital care in Developing Countries

An Analysis of Prehospital Care System Implementations in Developing Countries

Article written as a part of the Masters program in Public Health at Uppsala University, Spring 2016


Formal prehospital care systems have been implemented to various degrees across the developing world and have been shown to be potentially effective at reducing trauma-related mortality. The WHO report Prehospital Trauma Care Systems established consensus guidelines for organizing basic prehospital care systems in developing countries, noting a number of key elements of successful system implementation. This paper reviews the literature with respect to these key elements, identifying 3 basic types of interventions relating to the generation of local support, system formalization, and expansion and standardization.

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